King arthur

King Arthur , also called Arthur or Arthur Pendragon , legendary British king who appears in a cycle of medieval romances known as the Matter of Britain as the sovereign of a knightly fellowship of the Round Table. It is not certain how these legends originated or whether the figure of Arthur was based on a historical person. The legend possibly originated either in Wales or in those parts of northern Britain inhabited by Brythonic -speaking Celts. For a fuller treatment of the stories about King Arthur, see also Arthurian legend. King Arthur is a legendary British king who appears in a series of stories and medieval romances as the leader of a knightly fellowship called the Round Table. Stories about King Arthur became popular before the 11th century. Today the character of King Arthur appears in comic books, novels, television shows, and films. Legends disagree on how Arthur became king, though most involve his famous sword, Excalibur. Some involve Arthur fulfilling a prophecy by pulling Excalibur from a stone, whereas others say the sword was given to him by a magical woman in a lake. King Arthur was married to Guinevere in most legends.
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King Arthur is a medieval, mythological figure who was the head of the kingdom Camelot and the Knights of the Round Table.
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But was King Arthur actually a real person, or simply a hero of Celtic mythology? Though debate has gone on for centuries, historians have been unable to confirm that Arthur really existed. Several hundred years later, Arthur appears for the first time in the writings of a Welsh historian named Nennius, who gave a list of 12 battles the warrior king supposedly fought. All drawn from Welsh poetry, the battles took place in so many different times and places that it would have been impossible for one man to have participated in all of them. An irresistible blend of myth and fact, the book was supposedly based on a lost Celtic manuscript that only Geoffrey was able to examine. Though Arthur may not have been a real person, his mythic power would only grow stronger as the centuries passed. English rulers from Henry VIII to Queen Victoria have appropriated the Arthur legend for political purposes, while countless writers, painters, photographers, filmmakers and other artists have produced their own versions for posterity. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. This Day In History.
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French origins

Camelot was a mythical castled city, said to be located in Great Britain, where King Arthur held court. It was the center of the Kingdom of Logres and in Arthurian legend would become the location of the round table that held knights. Stories about King Arthur are known from at least as early as the ninth century. One of the most famous early Arthurian writers was Geoffrey of Monmouth, who lived during the first half of the 12 th century. However, Monmouth — and other early Arthurian writers — made no mention of Camelot. Researcher Norris Lacy writes that the Vulgate Cycle was composed between and by an anonymous author or group of authors. In these cycles, Camelot would be discussed in detail. The text says, in translation, that it "was the city most full of adventures that ever was The story of Camelot starts with Joseph of Arimathea, who according to the Bible donated his tomb for the burial of Jesus. According to a Vulgate story, he came to Britain and then to Camelot, finding it to be an Islamic city.

King Arthur is a medieval, mythological figure who was the head of the kingdom Camelot and the Knights of the Round Table. It is not known if there was a real Arthur, though it is believed he may have been a Roman-affiliated military leader who successfully staved off a Saxon invasion during the 5th to 6th centuries.

His legend has been popularized by many writers, including Geoffrey of Monmouth. Little is known about the possible figure who inspired the story of King Arthur, a heroic monarch who has been a popular mythological and literary character for some time. In contrast, the 6th-century bard Aneirin crafted the Welsh collection of poems The Gododdin in which a heroic Arthur is spoken of. Yet with the work originally shared orally as opposed to being written down, it is impossible to ascertain if Arthur was part of the original story.

Another poet, Teliesin, mentions a valiant Arthur in his work as well. There has also been another suggestion circulated that references to Arthur were actually a way of honoring via myth a Celtic bear deity with a similar name.

During the s, Nennius of Wales wrote History of the Britons , which became a core Arthurian text in that it listed a dozen battles in which the warrior fought, though it would have been logistically impossible for him to have done so. Due to cultural intermingling in Europe, political influences and writers' imagination, the Arthurian story developed into a full-fledged legend and complex story, with an emphasis on a noble kingdom called Camelot, the Knights of the Round Table and the queen, Guinevere, who has an affair with the knight Lancelot.

Other aspects of the tale include the king's deadly conflict with his nephew or son, Mordred, and the knights' quest for the Holy Grail. Thomas Malory was the first to provide an English prose retelling of the legend in his Le Morte D'Arthur , published in Centuries later, Alfred Tennyson published his Idylls of the King throughout the latter half of the s, telling the story of Camelot in the form of an epic poem. The story of Arthur has continued to be interpreted by a variety of writers, including children's authors, comic-book scribes and novelists such as Marion Zimmer Bradley, whose Mists of Avalon looks at the legend from the female characters' perspectives.

In the 20th century, King Arthur also found his way to stage and screen. During the s, the myth found a home on Broadway with the musical Camelot , which starred Richard Burton as Arthur. Later revivals would see Richard Harris — who starred in the movie version as well — and Robert Goulet portray the monarch. A more serious, grim take on Camelot was seen in the film Excalibur , with Helen Mirren in the role of Morgana, half-sister to the king. Fast forward to the next millennium where Antoine Fuqua directed King Arthur , whose still fantastic plot relied more heavily on the idea that Arthur, here portrayed by Clive Owen, was a military leader against the Saxons.

His life was also portrayed in the movie King Arthur: Legend of the Sword. Aiming to properly contextualize the array of tales presented, documentarian and writer Michael Wood has looked at the cultural and geographic origins of the King Arthur story in his TV series In Search of Myths and Heroes.

We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Author Arthur Conan Doyle wrote 60 mystery stories featuring the wildly popular detective character Sherlock Holmes and his loyal assistant Watson. An author of nearly books, Arthur C.

Arthur Miller is considered one of the greatest American playwrights of the 20th century. Open, and the first African American man to be ranked No. Chester A. Arthur was the 21st president of the United States.

He served as vice president at the time President James Garfield was assassinated, and acceded to the presidency thereafter. American singer and songwriter Carole King has written or co-written over songs that have been recorded by more than 1, artists. When a mostly white jury acquitted the police officers who were caught on video beating Rodney King, it set off the L.

Rock Music Icons. King Arthur, the mythological figure associated with Camelot, may have been based on a 5th to 6th-century British warrior who staved off invading Saxons.

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